Glossary > Technical Definations   

Storage Building

Storage Building means a building or part thereof used primarily for storage or shelter of goods, wares, merchandise and includes a building used as a warehouse, cold storage, freight depot, transit shed, store house, public garage, hanger, truck terminal, grain elevator, barn and stables; an establishment wholly or partly engaged in wholesale trade and manufacture, wholesale outlets, including related storage facilities, warehouses and establishments engaged in truck transport, including truck transport booking agencies.

Building By-Laws

 A set of building standards established by the local authority to control the usage of land, property and areas

Building Code

The laws set forth by the local government regarding end use of a given piece of property. These laws may dictate the design, materials used, and/or types of improvements that will be allowed. New construction or improvements must meet building code; adherence to requirements is determined by building inspectors.

Covered area

means the area covered by building/buildings, immediately above

plinth level, but does not include the following:–

(a) Area of balconies and cantilever floor projection areas provided they are at a

minimum height of 2.10 meters from the ground level.


(b) Unstoried porch areas limited to 25% of total covered area.


(c) Areas of septic tanks, soak pits, man holes, drainage, gutters, chambers, wells

and the like, fountains, steps, water sumps, rain water harvesting tanks, pump house

(not more than 6 m2), swing frames, compound walls and gates, security cabin (not more

than 6 m2), all type of antennas and their bases, provided they are so located so as

not obstruct free movement and parking of vehicles.


(d) Uncovered swimming pools provided the plot area is more than 2000m2 or in

case of plots less than 2000m2, the area of the pool does not exceed 10% of the plot

area; provided further it is so located that it does obstruct the free movement and parking

of vehicles.


(e) Atriums & Podiums in commercial and residential building which is limited to 30%

of the total covered area.


(f) Basement beyond the building line/footprint of the building in a plot.


(g) Any covered antenna/dish antenna/communication tower if used for Telecom (basic

cellular or satellite telephone) or IT purposes, which shall include equipment relating

to earth station, V-Sat, routes, Transponders and similar IT related structure or equipment.

Effective Plot Area

the area derived after deducting, from the plot area

recorded in Survey records, the following areas:-

(a) area of proposed right of way of the road/roads

(b) areas reserved for any public purpose, excluding any area earmarked for easement

right/traditional access

(c) area not permitted for development (Zones A1, A2, R, & P)

(d) mundcar areas as per the provisions of the Mundcar Act

Floor area

the covered area of a building at all floor levels totalled together,

provided that the following shall not be counted towards computation of floor area:—

(a) Basement or Cellar is exempted from FAR calculation only if 90% of the Basement

or Cellar is to be utilized for parking of vehicles and the remaining area is used for services

or safe deposit vaults in case of Banks.


(b) Balcony or Verandah projecting/recessed up to 1.50 meter from the wall. If the

projection/recess is more than 1.50 meter, then the area beyond 1.50 meter shall be added

in computation of floor area.

(c) Mezzanine floor.

(d) Entire stilt area at any level, if the floor height does not exceed 2.85 mts.

In case of part stilt area at any floor, limited to 25% of the floor area, if the height

exceeds 2.85 mts.

(e) Unstoreyed porch.

(f) Areas of septic tanks, soak pits, man holes, drainage, gutters, chambers, wells and

the like, fountains, steps, water sumps, rain water harvesting tank, pump house (not more

than 6 m2), swing frames, compound walls and gates, all type of antennas and their

bases, provided they are so located so as not to obstruct free movement and parking

of vehicles.

(g) Uncovered swimming pools provided the plot area is more than 2000m2 or in case

of plots less than 2000m2, the area of the pool does not exceed 10% of the plot area;

provided further it is so located that it does obstruct the free movement and parking

of vehicles.

(h) Staircase with steps of clear width of 1.20m. and above for residential buildings

and 1.40m, and above for others, provided that, the risers are not more than 17cm, treads

not less than 27cm, landing depth is less than the width of the flight and the maximum

number of risers in any flight should not exceed thirteen. Staircase room and/or lift rooms

above the top most storey, architectural features, chimneys and elevated tanks as

permissible under this Regulation.

(i) Lift area.

(j) Fire escapes staircase.

(k) Area equivalent to a maximum of 7.5% of the floor area proposed, used for

infrastructural facilities such as Pump house (more than 6 m2), club house, community

hall, society office, Generator room, Garbage collection/disposal enclosure, Telephone

Exchange/CCTV equipment room and Entrance foyer/lobby on all floors including

requirements of public services departments such as electricity, water supply,

sewerage, telephones, etc.

(l) In case of Co-operative Societies/Group Housing/block of flats/shops, having a floor

area of 1,000 m2 or more, a Society Office should be included in (k) above.

Note:– The built-up areas mentioned above are inclusive of toilet facility.

(m) Atrium/Podium.

(n) Any covered antenna/dish antenna/communication tower if used for Telecom (basic

cellular or satellite telephone) or IT purposes, which shall also include equipment relating

to earth station, V-Sat, routes, Transponders and similar IT related structure or equipment.



Alteration means a change from one use to another or a structural change, such as, a change to the area or height, or the removal of part of a building, or a change to the structure, such as, construction of, cutting into or removal of any wall, partition, column, beam, joint, floor or other support, or a change to or closing of means of ingress or egress.


Balcony means a floor projection or recess beyond internal or external wall having handrail or balustrade parapet at least on one side, open either to internal court yard or external air space or to serve as passage or a sitting out place. The said opening may be provided with a grill or a sliding glass panel shutters above the parapet.

Basement or Cellar

Basement or celler means the lower storey’s of a building below ground level of the plot, having a floor height of not more than 3.50 meters. In case basement extends beyond building footprint, a minimum setback of 1.00 meter from the plot boundary shall be maintained and projecting not more than 1.50 meter above the surrounding ground level and used for parking and services not extending 1/10th of the basement or cellar area when used as safe deposit vault of a bank or a hotel.

Boundary Wall

Boundary wall means a wall, built with any material along the perimeter of plot on the boundaries of a property.

Built up area

Built up area means all areas which are built upon and essentially forming part of the building/buildings and which includes all area computed under covered area/floor area as well as all area specifically exempted under covered area/floor area calculations.



Canopy means a cantilevered projection from the face of the wall over an opening to the building at slab level.

Carpet Area

Carpet area means the covered area of the useable spaces at any floor level excluding the area of the walls.

Central Buisness District

Central Business District (CBD) means core commercial (mixed land use high density) areas identified in the Outline Development Plans/Zoning Plans.



Chajja means a sloping or horizontal overhanging provided on external walls to provide protection from sun and rain.

Competent Authority

Competent Authority means a City Corporation or Municipal Council or Village Panchayat competent to grant building licence under their Acts or Planning and Development Authorities or Town and Country Planning department competent to issue Development Permission/Technical Clearance as the case may be or any other authority notified by Government from time to time.

Completion Certificate

Completion Certificate means a certificate issued to confirm that the development has been completed as per the permission granted.

Conservation Zone

Conservation Zone means an area indicated on the Outline Development Plan or any other plan as an area having Architectural/Historic/Archaeological/Heritage importance of Man Made or Natural Origin within which development is governed by special Regulations and is subject to approval of the Conservation Committee constituted by the Government under this regulations.


Courtyard means a space open to sky enclosed or partially enclosed by building, boundary wall or walls starting at any floor level within or adjacent to a building used for light and ventilation and accessible at the floor from where it starts.

Detached Building

Detached building means a building whose walls and roof are independent of any other building with open space on all sides.


Deviation means any change in the plans with respect to approved height, coverage and F.A.R. limits only. It also means any change that alters the exterior of the building in Conservation zone.


Engineer means a person who shall be a Graduate in Civil Engineering/ /Architectural Engineering of recognized Indian or Foreign University, or the member of Civil Engineering Division/Architectural Engineering Division of the Institution of Engineers (India) or the statutory body governing such profession.


Foundation means that part of a structure which is below the lowermost floor including footing and which provides support to the superstructure.

Group of Buildings.

Group of buildings means more than one building consisting of residences, shops, offices and the like on a single plot.

Harvesting Structure

Harvesting structure means a system of structures built in the building site to collect, filter and channel the rain water from roof tops/terrace or any paved or unpaved surface within the building site to store collected rain water for percolation or recharge or storage in underground or over ground tank and reuse in non-monsoon seasons.

Residential Building

Residential Building includes a building in which sleeping and living accommodation is provided for normal residential purposes, with cooking facilities and includes one or more family dwellings, apartment houses, flats, and private garages of such Buildings.


Hoarding  means any surface or structure erected on ground or any portion of a roof of a building or on or above the parapet, with characters, letters or illustrations applied thereto and displayed in any manner whatsoever outdoors for the purpose of advertising or to give information regarding or to attract the public to any place, person, public performance, article of merchandise whatsoever.

Mezzanine Floor

Mezzanine floor means an intermediate floor between two main floors, not less than 2.20 meters in height from the lower level of the floor and 2.20 meters in height from the intermediate level to the ceiling of the room or hall and having not more than 1/3 of the carpet area of the room in which it is contained and not enclosed on side overlooking the room.

Certificate of Completion

A document issued by an architect or engineer stating that a property meets all specifications listed on the original plans and blueprints. Many construction contracts specify that final payment must be made when a certificate of completion has been signed.

Amalgamated Plot

Amalgamated plot means a continuous portion of land held in one ownership for the purpose of Development Control. One parcel of land resulting by amalgamation of more than one plot shall be considered as amalgamated plot.

Harvesting Reservoir

Harvesting Reservoir means a water tight open to sky reservoir to collect and store rain water collected from roof tops/terraces or any paved or unpaved surface within the building site after screening through filter beds/mediums for reuse in non-monsoon seasons.

Sub-division of land

Sub-division of land means a development by which a plot is fragmented into smaller parts.

Temporary Structure

Temporary Structure means a structure constructed with material, to last for a specific period and specific purpose, for a limited time after which the structure is to be dismantled.

High-rise building

High-rise building means a building having a height of above 15.00 meters as defined in the National Building Code of India 2005. Architectural features and other services serving no other functions except that of decoration and services shall be excluded for the purpose of measuring height.

Occupancy or Use Group

Occupancy or Use Group means the principal occupancy for which a building or a part of a building is used or intended to be used; for the purpose of classification of a building according to the occupancy, occupancy shall be deemed to include subsidiary occupancies which are contingent upon it.

Parking and Parking space

Parking and Parking space means an area enclosed or unenclosed, open or covered, sufficient in size to park a vehicle. Every parking space shall be accessed/served by a driveway connecting the parking area with the street/road/alley with ingress and egress for the vehicle.


Plan means the plans such as Regional Plan, Outline Development Plan, Comprehensive Development Plan, and Zoning Plan, approved by the government under the relevant provisions of any Act or Rules made there under and shall include any plans, schemes approved by the Government.


Plot means a continuous portion of land held in one ownership

(a) Corner plot means a plot at the junction of two or more streets. Such plots shall be deemed to have as many fronts as there are abutting streets and therefore no rear setback regulation will be applicable.

(b) Double frontage plot means a plot having opening on two streets, not adjacent to each other.


Porch means a projection from face of a wall with a support system and roof sometimes with wall or cantilevered over an entry to building at the lintel or slab level.

Semi-detached building

Semi-detached building means a building detached on two or three sides.


Setback means the horizontal distance measured from the edge of the plot to the line of the building at each floor level.


Staircase means the part of the building containing the stairs and its landing built to enclose only the stairs for the purpose of providing protection from weather and not used for human habitation.


Stilts means a portion within a building at any level with at least two fully open sides

Storey of a building

Storey of a building means the space between the surface of one floor and the surface of the floor vertically above.

Structural Liability Certificate

Structural Liability Certificate means a certificate issued by Structural Engineer assuming responsibility for the structural design of the building.

Structural Stability Certificate

Structural Stability Certificate means a certificate issued by Structural Engineer stating that the building has been constructed as per his design and under his supervision and that the building is stable and fit for occupation.


Verandah means part of building on ground floor projecting/recessed upto 1.50 meter from the wall.


Zone means the classification given to various areas depending on its land use, in the development plans prepared by the Planning and Development Authority or Town and Country Planning Department.

Zoning Plan or Zoning Map

Zoning plan or Zoning map means a part of Regional Plan giving more elaborate zoning details, right of way of roads, etc., duly approved and notified by the Government.


Fire certificate

It certifies the design of the building or works should be in compliance with safety matters.

Land locked plot

Land locked plot means a plot, which is bounded on all sides by plots of different ownership and is not accessible by a public road


Detached Building

Detached Building: includes a building with walls and roofs independent of any other building and with open spaces on all sides within the same plot.


Building means a structure constructed with any materials whatsoever for any purpose, whether used for human habitation or not, and includes:—

(a) Foundation, plinth, walls, floors, roofs, chimneys, plumbing and building services, fixed platforms etc.

(b) Verandahs, balconies, cornices, projections etc.

(c) Parts of a building or anything affixed thereto canopy, porch terrace, atriums.

(d) Any wall enclosing or intended to enclose any land or space, sign and outdoor display structures, etc.

(e) Tanks constructed or fixed for storage of chemicals or chemicals in liquid form and for storage of water, effluent, swimming pool, ponds etc.

Assembly Building

Assembly building means a building or part thereof, where groups of people congregate or gather for amusement, recreation, social, religious, patriotic, civil, travel and similar purposes and this includes buildings of drama and cinemas theatres, drive- -in-theatres, assembly halls, city halls, town halls, auditoria, exhibition halls, museums, mangal karyalayas, skating rinks, gymnasia, restaurants, eating or dining houses, places of worship, dance halls, clubs, gymkhanas, and road, ways, air, sea or other public transportation stations and recreation piers.

Business/Commercial/Office Building

Business/Commercial/Office Building: includes any building or part thereof used principally for transaction of business and/or keeping of accounts and records including offices, banks, professional establishment, court houses etc.

Hazardous Building

Hazardous Building includes a building or part thereof used for: Storage, handling, manufacture of processing of radioactive substances or highly combustible or explosive materials or of products which are liable to burn with extreme rapidity and/or producing poisonous fumes or explosive emanations.

Industrial Building

Industrial Building includes a building or part thereof wherein products or material are fabricated, assembled or processed, such as assembly plants, laboratories, power plants, refineries, gas plants, mills, dairies and factories etc.

Institutional Building

Institutional Building includes a building constructed by Government, SemiGovernment Organizations or Registered Trusts and used for medical or other treatment, or for an auditorium or complex for cultural and allied activities or for an hospice, care of persons suffering from physical or mental illness, handicap, disease or infirmity, care of orphans, abandoned women, children and infants, convalescents, destitute or aged persons and or penal or correctional detention with restricted liberty of the inmates ordinarily providing sleeping accommodation and includes dharamshalas, hospitals, sanatoria, custodial and penal institutions such as jails, prisons, mental hospitals, houses of correction, detention and reformatories etc.

Mercantile Building

Mercantile Building includes a building or part thereof used as shops, stores or markets for display and sale of wholesale and or retail goods or merchandise, including office, storage and service facilities incidental thereto and located in the same building.

High Rise Building

High Rise Building means a building above 4 storeys or a building exceeding 15.00 meters in height. (see Regulation 6A.5 for calculation of building height).

Multi Level Car Parking Building

Multi Level Car Parking Building: means a building partly below ground level having two or more basements or above ground level, primarily to be used for parking of cars, scooters or any other type of light motorized vehicle

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